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Definition of Stem Cell Therapy

The medical innovation of stem cell therapy has become one of the greatest milestones ever in the industry of medicine. The discovery of stem cell therapy has led to various controversies from various medical experts but its success in treating patients in severe conditions has made it more useful than controversial. The process of this therapy is quite simple to understand. The process by which this therapy is done is usually assisted by a machine which makes things a lot easier. If you would like to know more about this kind of medical therapy, you have to first know what stem cells are.

The Different Stem Cells in the Human Body

The stem cell is basically responsible for the natural regenerative ability of the human body to restore damaged cells and tissues back to their original state. The most active stem cells in the body are the embryonic stem cells which are basically the cells that mostly make up the embryo. Researchers have already observed embryonic stem cells under the microscope but their full ability is still not fully understood. The use of embryonic stem cells is being done in many hospitals but it is still considered controversial to many medical researchers.

Adult stem cells, on the other hand, can be found in adult individuals. Adult stem cells are quite common in the body because they are present in every tissue. Adult stem cells are the most commonly used stem cells in a stem cell therapy but there are still some that uses embryonic stem cells. Although adult stem cells can be acquired from many parts of the body, the most useful ones are usually found inside the bone marrow, brain tissues, and muscle fibers. It is said that of all the human tissues, the most dominant source of adult stem cells is from fats. The results of this stem cell treatment mainly depends on the source of the stem cells and how they are injected to the human body.

The Type of Stem Cells

The three major categories of stem cells are allogenic, autologous, and xenogenic. Stem cells that are harvested from animals are called the autologous stem cells. Autologous stem cells are commonly utilized in transplant operations due to its compatibility to the human body. When stem cells are harvest from humans and injected to humans also, they are termed as allogenic stem cells. Since these cells are coming from the same species, there is less likelihood of rejection from the patient. When stem cells are harvested from a different species, they are called xenogenic stem cells. You might think that xenogenic stem cells have less likelihood of survival than other types but they actually have high chances of acceptance to the host body. You can know further about how this therapy works through your doctor.

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